"'Africa Shall Be Saved.' Neither can any religion in the country claim any theocratic advantages from the state and the courts. Mbembe, Achille. Thus, in Africa, Islam is a multifaceted term covering a number of Muslim interpretations of the faith. It should be noted, however, that two of the seven francophone countries—Mali and Niger, which held national conferences on new political arrangements in the 1990s—are both strongly Muslim countries. Comparative examination of the political role of Islam in three countries. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Africa is marked by a high degree of political and religious heterogeneity, making a study of politics and religion in the region complex but rewarding. Preexisting Muslim communities, however, reacted to European-inspired modernization by attempting to deal with its impact without compromising Islamic ideals. Benefits of Religion. Overall, it is more analytically satisfactory to perceive such movements as involving a combination of motivations that often defy easy or precise pigeonholing. "Missionaries and the Intellectual History of Africa: A Historical Survey." Oliver, Ronald. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. 4 (1997): 709–728. A History of African Christianity, 1950–75. London, 1985. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Orthodox conceptions of Islam—nearly always Sunnī in Africa—are the province of the religious elite, the ʿulamāʾ (religio-legal scholars). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Outlines the development of Islam in Africa from precolonial to present times. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Through this OpinionFront article, you can learn about the advantages and disadvantages of … Many churches, synagogues, mosques, and temples have offered worship through livestream amidst the pandemic.. Social dynamics in Africa may best be viewed as an entwined triple-stranded helix of state, class, and ethnicity. With administrative networks often grafted on to preexisting institutions, European hegemony and security were very closely linked. Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. 2 (1992): 159–181. Islam gradually spread over the last thousand years, whereas Christianity was imported by and intimately associated with European—especially British and French—colonialism beginning in the late nineteenth century. Second, there are the areas where Ṣūfī brotherhoods predominate—generally in West and East Africa, and especially in Senegal, the Gambia, Niger, Mali, Guinea, Kenya, and Tanzania. The first includes the dominant sociopolitical and cultural position of Islam found in the emirates of northern Nigeria, the lamidates of northern Cameroon, and the shiekdoms of northern Chad. Source: pixabay.com Encyclopedia of Religion. In short, Africa's recent democratization was linked to the individual and collective efforts of many Christian leaders and was a testimony to their tenacity, clear-sightedness, and lack of fear of the consequences of their actions in leading popular protests. In South Africa no law is attached to religion, everyone has the right to practice what he or she beliefs. To ascertain the nature of the contemporary relation between religion and politics in Africa, it is necessary to take into account the im… Many Muslims oppose Western interpretations of democracy, in which sovereignty is said to reside with the people because it is seen as a secularized system negating God's own sovereignty. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. In traditional (i.e., precolonial) African societies, the relationship between religion and politics was always a close one, for religious beliefs and practices underpinned political power, while political concerns permeated to the heart of the religious sphere. In addition, throughout much of Africa, Muslims had to coexist with and be bound by European power, as they were ultimately under the latter's control. Afriques Indociles. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. London, 1991. Such people tended overwhelmingly to support the concept—if not always every aspect of the practice—of colonial rule for three main reasons. The main analytical problem involving an understanding of the relation between religion and politics in Africa is the region's astonishing multifariousness of religious beliefs, ethnic divisions, cultural distinctions, and political modes. Africa is marked by a high degree of political and religious heterogeneity, making a study of politics and religion in the region complex but rewarding. percent EASTERN CATHOLIC (EASTERN RITE) AND ROMAN CATHOLIC 5.5 percent . Anthropologists see religion as one, albeit an important, component of the cultural aspects of Africans' social life. Encyclopedia of Religion. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and … Chicago, 1993. Owning a business in South Africa is different to owning a business in a different part of the world. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted religion in various ways, including the cancellation of the worship services of various faiths and the closure of Sunday schools, as well as the cancellation of pilgrimages, ceremonies and festivals. Colonies, where a majority of the population were neither Christian nor Muslim during the period of colonial rule (e.g., Guinea-Bissau, Upper Volta [now Burkina Faso], and Sierra Leone, where traditional African religions were followed by the great majority of local populations), were nevertheless ruled by Christian Europeans. Especially around the time of World War I, many European colonial administrations were worried that both Germany and the Turkish Ottoman Empire were in tandem politically, seeking out and cultivating African Muslim leaders to be allies in their strategic rivalries with Britain and France. Politics and Religion: Politics and African Religious Traditions Whether or not the colony was settler-dominated was significant for an understanding of the relationship between Christian missionaries and colonial authorities. Regarding the relation between Islam and temporal power in contemporary Africa, it is often suggested that Muslims are less concerned with or interested in democracy than are many Christians. Clearly, most Africans would regard themselves as religious people, believing in a God (or gods) who looks over them and helps guide what they do. Africa 51, no. Studies have shown that religious practice: Decreases crime Stabilizes society Improves family relationships (Fagan "Why Religion Matters Even") Religion decreases Crime Religious involvement decreases crime. Health and welfare annually to the American economy in deciding where religion ends and Politics begins Encyclopedia.com. 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