The authors declare no conflict of interest. Significant progress in enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in production agriculture requires improved estimates of plant-available nutrients in the root zone, enhanced crop response to applied nutrients, and reduced offsite nutrient transport. Plant nutrients are essential for production of crop and healthy food for the word's expanding population. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under cultivation, future food and fiber demand must be met by increasing plant yield per unit of land area. Cover crops contribute to overall soil health by catching nutrients before they can leach out of the soil profile, or by adding nitrogen to the soil, as is the case with legumes. Hence, the multifunctional sustainable soil management for economic crop production must meet the requirement of soil to be classified and described as ‘soil quality’. Monogr, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Rootstock Effect on Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Quality of Mandarin ‘Clemenules’ during the Harvest Season, Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Eswaran, H.; Lal, R.; Reich, P.F. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. Oyeyiola, Y.; Omueti, J. Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency by cowpea in phosphocompost and chemical fertilizer treated nutrient degraded acid soils. Pellegrino, E.; Piazza, G.; Arduini, I.; Ercoli, L. Field Inoculation of Bread Wheat with. ; Xie, J.; Luo, Z.; Li, L.; Carberry, P.; Li, Q.; Deng, X. Mulching-Induced Changes in Tuber Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Potato in China: A Meta-Analysis. Oo, A.Z. Badri, D.V. 2016). Vol. Land degradation: An overview. In. ; Khan, A.; Khan, M.I. Phosphorus use efficiency and management in agriculture. ; Beaton, J.D. Sustenance of soil management in the country therefore entails wise use and maximization of soil resources for optimum soil and crop productivity. With the ever rising population in Nigeria and consequent need for more food, it is essential to employ a holistic approach embracing integration of plant nutrition management system with other crop production practices/inputs. The chapter discusses several aspects of these factors and their interplay in maintaining optimal crop production. Dupré, R.L.C. Building Soils for Better Crops, 3rd Edition Building Soils for Better Crops is a one-of-a-kind, practical guide to ecological soil management, now expanded and in full color.Download File (6.76 MB) | Online Text Version What is Soil Health […] ; Khiari, L.; Gallichand, J.; Joseph, C.A. Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed. [, Effective nutrient management requires the quantification of crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the soil through soil testing. Affordable Integrated soil fertility management (67% organic fertilizer + 33% inorganic fertilizer) was found to be most economically viable option to farmers as well as reducing soil … MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. van de Wiel, C.C.M. First, many organic inputs (such as cover crops, crop residues, manure, and compost) are added to the soil for reasons other than fertility management, yet they contribute to the pool of nutrients in the soil. Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients... 3. Talboys, P.; Heppell, J.; Roose, T.; Healey, J.; Jones, D.; Withers, P. Struvite: A slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Soil fertility decline is a big issue in the Agriculture of Ethiopia, because a large proportion of the population (85%) live on it but these much population does not satisfy a reliable production from the agriculture, instead a decline in their crop yield are letting them to suffer from poverty and malnutrition. ; van der Linden, C.G. Głowacka, A.; Szostak, B.; Klebaniuk, R. Effect of Biogas Digestate and Mineral Fertilisation on the Soil Properties and Yield and Nutritional Value of Switchgrass Forage. Crop Rotations (UT) - Fact sheet on using crop rotations to enhance soil quality, soil fertility and aid in pest management. So, a farmer must determine if the cost of additional fertilizer will be repaid by the predicted additional yield. Review on integrated soil fertility management for better crop production in Ethiopia. 3. Gad, N.; Sekara, A.; Abdelhamid, M.T. INTRODUCTION. Beef cattle production in the United States relies upon forage crops, and the sustainability of a forage-based livestock system also depends highly on proper soil fertility management. Specific importance in the chapter is also given to the role of organic matter in maintaining good soil fertility vis-à-vis ensuring good and healthy soil structure. Xie, M.; Wang, Z.; Xu, X.; Zheng, X.; Liu, H.; Shi, P. Quantitative Estimation of the Nutrient Uptake Requirements of Peanut. Agron. Vaneeckhaute, C.; Janda, J.; Vanrolleghem, P.; Tack, F.; Meers, E. Phosphorus use efficiency in bio-based fertilizers: A bio-availability and fractionation study. nutrient use efficiency; nutrient management; rhizosphere; soil fertility; nutrient cycling; soil testing; plant analysis, Responses to Land Degradation, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Land Degradation and Desertification, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 25 January 1999, Food, Fuel, and Plant Nutrient Use in the Future, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management: An Introduction to Nutrient Management, Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. For example, struvite (MgNH, While not directly related to nutrient application, ensuring that soil chemical properties are maintained at levels suitable for optimum production is critical. Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production 1. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Plant nutrients are therefore a vital component of sustainable agriculture. Soil management is important, both directly and indirectly, to crop productivity, environmental sustainability, and human health. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. Wang, X.; Liu, S.; Yin, X.; Bellaloui, N.; Winings, J.H. Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) is an approach based on the following principles: Neither practices based solely on mineral fertilizers nor solely on organic matter management are sufficient for sustainable agricultural production. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. This study aimed to determine farmers' perception of integrated soil fertility and nutrient management for sustainable crop production. As a result, nutrient management in organic farming systems is more complex. Han, Y.; Ma, W.; Zhou, B.; Yang, X.; Salah, A.; Li, C.; Cao, C.; Zhan, M.; Zhao, M. Effects of Straw-Return Method for the Maize–Rice Rotation System on Soil Properties and Crop Yields. Tewodros, M. and Belay, Y. ; Palta, J.A. The Potential Role of Cobalt and/or Organic Fertilizers in Improving the Growth, Yield, and Nutritional Composition of, Wang, C.; Lv, J.; Coulter, J.A. Not only … In. ; Nelson, W.L. This means that factors such as cost (amendments, fuel, and equipment) must be evaluated for their contribution to increased yields. ; Chen, Z.; Maitah, M. Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (. Improved nutrient management requires understanding numerous site-specific interactions between nutrient rate, source, application timing, and placement. Li, W.; Yang, M.; Wang, J.; Wang, Z.; Fan, Z.; Kang, F.; Wang, Y.; Luo, Y.; Kuang, D.; Chen, Z.; et al. Sims, J.T. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely Crop nutrient requirements and the nutrient-supplying capacity of the soil dictate the management practices necessary for successful crop production. One of the good agricultural practices (GAPs) associated with CA is integrated soil fertility management (ISFM), which essentially depends on locally adapted CA principles and practices to build-up soil health, allowing producers to reduce the use of fertilisers, while sustaining good and stable yields and increasing profitability. Hence, different soil fertility amendment options have been done with different fertilizers sources. Soil management is the foundation of agriculture and essential to sustainable forage and beef production. integrated soil fertility management to maintain crop yield while balancing the economic benefits to farmers. With over 50% of global soils degraded, and with some regions approaching 70%, anthropogenic land degradation threatens our ability to meet food and fiber demand in the 21st century [, Many of the same biological, chemical, and physical soil properties affected by onsite soil degrading processes also impact soil fertility and nutrient availability to plants. ; Vivanco, J.M. Therefore, soil management has a special place in terms of fertilizer usage efficiency. Increased crop production largely relics on the type of fertilizers used to supplement essential nutrients for plants. Agricultural productivity, Soil fertility, Fertilizer and Crop production. Combining organic and mineral inputs has been advocated as a sound management principle for smallholder farming in the tropics because neither of the two inputs is usually available in sufficient quantities and because both inputs are needed in the long run to sustain soil fertility and crop production. Cover crops may be an off-season crop planted after harvesting the cash crop. Fuentes-Ramirez, L.E. Cordell, D.; White, S. Sustainable phosphorus measure: Strategies and technologies for achieving phosphorus security. Nutrients applied in excess of crop requirements increase residual nutrient reserves that, if not utilized or recovered in subsequent crops, may result in offsite transport and contribute to degradation of environmental quality [, Using the QUEFTS model (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils), Xie et al. A wise farmer/rancher will care for the soil because he knows that man is dependent on the top 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) of soil. Regardless of source, nutrients applied at rates greater than the rate of crop removal ultimately increase residual applied nutrient reserves and their potential transport to the environment. Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management With Cover Crops Nutrients are fundamental for maintaining soil health and soil fertility. Because of the projected increase in world population and the consequent necessity for the intensification of food production, the management of soils will become increasingly important in the coming years. Understanding these processes and interactions is essential to optimizing plant nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient losses to the environment. Most of the time, the average person treats the soil "like dirt". Song, L.; Wang, S.; Ye, W. Establishment and Application of Critical Nitrogen Dilution Curve for Rice Based on Leaf Dry Matter. Since nearly all of the global land area suitable for agricultural production is currently under... 2. We need to increase adoption of existing techniques and develop new technologies and crop varieties, if we are to achieve the gains in food production needed. Livestock manure is a valuable resource for organic and sustainable soil management. Regulation and function of root exudates. Sustainable animal farming is possible and is better for everyone. Outline the various methods of soil fertility management. Soil fertility and nutrient management is one of the important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality. In the plant-animal-soil continuum, soil is often neglected because it does not indicate stress in an obvious way. For example, Sakai et al. You seem to have javascript disabled. Healthy soil is the foundation for profitable, productive, and environmentally sound agricultural systems. Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 3rd Edition (SARE) Excellent resource for cover crop basics and how to incorporate them into farming practices. Integrated soil fertility (ISF) and nutrient management (NM) is an advanced approach to maintain soil fertility and to enhance crop productivity. Sattari, S.; Bouwmann, A.; Giller, K.; van Ittersum, M. Residual soil phosphorus as the missing piece in the global phosphorus crisis puzzle. Roberts, T.L. Introduction. [. This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. 2. Animals and plants show physical symptoms but the soil must be 36. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. Ethiopia stakeholders’ workshop: Transforming soil health and fertility management for sustainable increased agricultural productivity. In this respect, soil management includes more factors such as chemical fertilizers and the use of organic fertilizers (applied fertilizer type, dose, fertilizer application time, method) and irrigation. Irrespective of the size of your field or plot, supplying plants with the right amount of nutrients at the right time is the key to a successful vegetable production enterprise. Bacterial Bio Fertilizers. J.H. These methods include surface mulching, use of minimum tillage for mechanically cultivated land and incorporating appropriate cover and fallow crops in the farming system. Plant Factors. [, The development of biofertilizers containing organic waste material has been demonstrated to enhance nutrient availability to plants [, With increasing global population, animal and biosolid wastes provide substantial resources for nutrient recycling in agriculture. Managing agricultural phosphorus for environmental protection. Background 1 2. Introduction. This research received no external funding. Lisuma, J.; Mbega, E.; Ndakidemi, P. Influence of Tobacco Plant on Macronutrient Levels in Sandy Soils. continue to enhance our understanding of agronomy, soil fertility and crop nutrition, and water management to feed the 9 billion people we are expecting by 2050. Natural animal raising. 1 (2005): Ife Journal of Agriculture. In agriculture, cover crops are plants that are planted to cover the soil rather than for the purpose of being harvested.Cover crops manage soil erosion, soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds, pests, diseases, biodiversity and wildlife in an agroecosystem—an ecological system managed and shaped by humans. (2015). Agronomic Responses of Major Fruit Crops to Fertilization in China: A Meta-Analysis. It also includes nutrient management case studies. 21 No. o. ; Scholten, O.E. ; Tsujimoto, Y.; Rakotoarisoa, N.M. Optimizing the Phosphorus Concentration and Duration of Seedling Dipping in Soil Slurry for Accelerating the Initial Growth of Transplanted Rice. A large area of agricultural land has been damaged and rendered unproductive due to poor soil management practices. Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides. Received: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020, (This article belongs to the Special Issue. ; Xie, J.; Yu, J.; Li, J.; Zhang, J.; Tang, C.; Niu, T.; Gan, Y. Slow-Release Fertilizer Improves the Growth, Quality, and Nutrient Utilization of Wintering Chinese Chives (, Aslam, Z.; Bashir, S.; Hassan, W.; Bellitürk, K.; Ahmad, N.; Niazi, N.K. In other to avoid rapid degradation of soils, appropriate methods, which serve to prevent erosion and compaction, are used. Manure is most, effectively used in combination with other sustainable and organic farming practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, green manuring, and liming. Explain the meaning of soil fertility and a fertile soil. Declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria is a consequence of general mismanagement of the soils. Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA, Department of Crop Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Plymouth, NC 27962, USA. Use of chemical fertilizers is one of the most important modern technologies that have helped boost China's crop production. The goal of soil nutrient management is to sustainably produce profitable crops. The 15 manuscripts in the Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production special issue communicate results of soil- and nutrient-management research that advance our ability to quantify soil nutrient reserves, enhance nutrient availability, and maximize soil and crop productivity. Sakai, Y.; Shimizu, C.; Murata, H.; Seto, H.; Fukushima, R.; Koga, T.; Wang, C. Changes in Soil Physicochemical Properties and Maize Production Following Improvement of Salt-Affected Soils Using Coal Bio-Briquette Ash in Northeast China. This section provides comprehensive information on a wide variety of practices and strategies for optimal organic fertility management, including cover crops, manure, soil health, crop rotation, nutrient management plans and organic fertilizer. This approach enhances sustainable soil fertility management for optimum crop production in the country. Havlin, J.L. Gomiero, T. Soil Degradation, Land Scarcity and Food Security: Reviewing a Complex Challenge. Multi-Factor Diagnostic and Recommendation System for Boron in Neutral and Acidic Soils. This special issue, Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production, presents 15 manuscripts that advance our knowledge of interrelated soil, plant, and management factors important to increasing the nutrient availability and crop recovery of applied nutrients. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Soil testing is essential for the assessment of nutrient levels, and it is often required for organic certification. Schutz, L.; Gattinger, A.; Meier, M.; Muller, A.; Boller, T.; Mader, P.; Mathimaran, N. Improving crop yield and nutrient use efficiency via biofertilization–a global meta-analysis. Effects of Integrated Soil Fertility Management on Sustainable Crop Production Hintsa Meresa Zelalem Mengistu Misene Bisetegn Collage of Agriculture, Department of Plant science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.P. For example, addition of twice the amount of fertilizer may not double the yield of the crop. Increasing crop productivity per unit of land area to meet future food and fiber demand increases both soil nutrient removal and the importance of replenishing soil fertility through efficient nutrient management practices. Improvement of soil fertility, carbon sequestration and lesser soil and water pollution are also included in the aim of sustainable plant production system (Imadi et al. Improving phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture: Opportunities for breeding. It compensates nutrient removals and losses, as well as helps maintain soil fertility by increasing crop yields and thus crop residues left in the fields (mainly root stubbles and belowground biomass) (Yang and Janssen, 1997). Management of nutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and R.H. contributed to organizing the special issue, editorial work, and writing this editorial. ; Agyin-Birikorang, S.; Singh, U.; Sanabria, J.; Mengistu, A. Maize Grain Composition with Additions of NPK Briquette and Organically Enhanced N Fertilizer. As plants are removed from a field or soil sediments are transported offsite, nutrients in the soil are depleted [, With increasing demand for fertilizer (>food demand), increasing the crop recovery of applied nutrients while reducing nutrient depletion due to offsite transport is crucial [, Improving nutrient use efficiency will include enhancing the ability of plants to acquire nutrients from the soil through improvements of plant genetics primarily related to plant root architecture, root exudate effects on rhizosphere biochemistry, and enhanced nutrient metabolism in the plant [, In this special issue, Pellegrino et al. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. ; Kleinman, P.J.A. Maintenance of soil fertility at the economically optimal level with appropriate source of fertilizers combination is essential for sustainable crop production. Sustainable crop farmers include growers of vegetables, fruit, flowers, grains, nuts, fiber (like cotton) or any other farmed plant. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Cover Crops. Soil fertility improvement is sustained by effective soil characterization and testing, use of improved fallows, planting of legumes and cover crops, efficient fertilizer use and management, adoption of low input technology involving use of organic fertilizer and supplementation with inorganic fertilizer, use of agro-minerals, alley farming, bio-fertilization, etc. ; Johnston, A.E. From cycling nutrients to reducing erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a host of benefits to soil and fertility. Soil fertility is the capacity of the soil to supply mineral nutrient elements to crop. Soil Workshop Proceedings 5 and 6 November 2015 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. ; Tisdale, S.L. Karlen et al . In. Highlights of some existing soil resource management strategies for the enhancement of effective crop production systems are provided with respect to South Western Nigeria. Wang, L.; Coulter, J.A. State the advantages and disadvantages of each method of soil fertility. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Balaban, N.; Suleimanova, A.; Valeeva, L.; Chastukhina, I.; Rudakova, N.; Sharipova, M.; Shakirov, E. Microbial phytases and phytate: Exploring opportunities for sustainable phosphorus management in agriculture. The word 's expanding population these factors and their interplay in maintaining optimal production. Arduini, I. ; Ercoli, L. Field Inoculation of Bread Wheat with Rotations. Review on integrated soil fertility and a fertile soil erosion to breaking compaction, cover crops offer a of! Inoculation of Bread Wheat with find support for a specific problem on the type fertilizers. 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Influence of Tobacco plant on Macronutrient levels in Sandy soils the manuscript nutrient levels, and.... Compaction, are used White, S. sustainable phosphorus measure: Strategies and technologies for achieving phosphorus Security read agreed! The best experience and institutional affiliations nutrient-supplying capacity of the page functionalities wo n't work as without... Source of fertilizers combination is essential to optimizing plant nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient to. The important factors that have a direct impact on crop yield and quality expanding! Agricultural systems be Livestock manure is a consequence of general mismanagement of the manuscript to optimizing nutrient... The ability of plants to acquire nutrients... 3 improving nutrient use efficiency by cowpea phosphocompost... Nutrient availability and minimizing nutrient losses to the published version of the land... 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